Theory Meets Experiment in Low-Dimensional Structures with Correlated Electrons
Prague, Czech Republic, July 1 – 4, 2019
Quantum simulation through atomic assembly
The magnetic and electronic properties of materials often find their origin in basic atomic- scale interactions. Yet, due to the large number of atoms involved, many phenomena can be very difficult to predict: we call these ’emergent’. The ability to build structures atom-by-atom by means of scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) provides an excellent platform to explore emergence as a function of system size. By properly tuning the anisotropy and coupling of magnetic atoms on a thin insulator, we have been able to engineer finite spin chains hosting spin waves  as well as the beginnings of a quantum phase transition at a critical magnetic field . In a more recent experiment, we have engineered spin structures that are frustrated by design, exhibiting a spin spiral that can snap between different configurations. Unfortunately, the maximum size of assembled structures is often limited due to e.g. crystal impurity and crystal strain. In this talk, I will present a way to mitigate these limitations and show recent advances in sample preparation that will allow us to build much larger spin structures .
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